‪Kirklar Kilisesi‬

חוות דעת על ‪Kirklar Kilisesi‬, מרדין

‪Kirklar Kilisesi‬
4.5
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Erhan Yildirim
מאת Erhan Yildirim
‪syriac pearl‬
‪מאי 2020‬
‪Forty Martyrs(Mor Behnam) Church- Syriac Ancients (Kadim) Orthodox Church Mor Behnam (Kırklar Kilisesi) church is one of the most significant historical sites in the old part of Mardin. It is located the Şar Neighbourhood of the city centre where nowadays many Christians are still living. This church was constructed in 569 B.C and consecrated in honor of Syriac Saint Behnam and his sister Saro. while Mardin Castle is being repaired one of the seven churches built it is considered. The part of the church belonging to the Shams(sun goddess), before the 6th century indicates that it is dated. The bones of forty martyrs (Turkey/Sivas 4 century) in this church in 1170 B.C It was named because it was brought. Church, three entrance doors, fine stone crafted with crafting, altars, four-hundred-year-old wooden doors, 1500 years of root painting curtains, bell tower in its wide courtyard and stone carving that is almost like lace there is a sofa with examples. Built in the name of Mor Behnam and his sister Saro and now known as the Forty Church, the church got both names from early Christian legends. The church, which also contains a Bible dating from 1230, is also the metropolitan church of Mardin. the Legend Saints Behnam, Sarah At the time [A.D. 352], persecution had forced some ascetics to move to the region of Nineveh. One of them, Mar mattai , settled on the mountain and quickly became famous for the power of healing with which he was gifted. Also Sanherib, King of Athor, whose daughter Sarah had been suffering from leprosy for years, learned of Mar Mattai and kept track of what the Christians were reporting about this wonder-working ascetic. One day, Sanherib’s son Behnam had a dream, which led him to search for Mār Mattai. While being on a hunting trip, Behnam found Mar Mattai, learned from him about Christ, and brought Mar Mattai to Athor, where the ascetic secretly healed the girl Sarah. In response to the healing miracle, also the sister learned of the Christian faith and was baptized. Since both of them refused to continue to worship the pagan deities, their father had the children executed. Shortly after having violently put his children to death, Sanherib fell sick. A dream motivated his wife to visit the burial site of their son Behnam, and in a subsequent dream Behnam sent his mother to Mar Mattai, for healing and conversion. Eventually, Sanherib himself converted and built a church and monastery for Mar Mattai on Mount ’Alpap. Behnam’s mother also ordered the construction of a monastery at Kökyata as well as of a cistern at the site where her children were buried. A few years later, a Christian traveller from Persia, who was on a pilgrimage journey to Jerusalem, stopped at the place, prayed there, and learned about the events surrounding the children’s martyrdom. This traveller, named Isaac, also had a dream in which Behnam appeared to him and requested that a house of prayer be erected at the site. Again with the support of Behnam’s mother, a monastery was built there. According to the legend, it was the monastery of Beth Gubbe, where according to tradition the relics of Mār Behnam and his sister Sarah are kept Forty Martyrs Legend The main plot of the story took place in 320, during the cold winter, when the Emperor ordered to sacrifice to the idols. Forty Christian soldiers, Legio XII Fulminata(melitene ), then spoke among the others and refused to fulfill the emperors' command. The commander tried to persuade them, promising them wealth or glory, but they remained firm in their faith in Christ. For their stubborn faith they were imprisoned, interrogated, cruelly tortured, and then Emperor had their garments removed and left them to stand in a frosty winter on a frozen lake near the city. And to make this torture even harder, there was a hot steam bath on the shore of the lake, which was supposed to tempt them to deny their faith. But the soldiers encouraged each other, and with a desire for Heaven they suffered with an unbreakable mind and heart, exalting God and praying: "Lord, forty soldiers are here in the battle for faith, ready to die for You, give grace to all the forty, the number which You consecrated with your holy fast, so that we conquer the crowns of glory." And the Lord truly heard their prayer and manifested his miraculous power. The guard, standing at the window of the spa house, suddenly saw an unusual blue light irradiating all the space where the martyrs stood, and it seemed to him as if the angels had flown from the heavens and were holding the crowns above the heads of the martyrs. Standing in astonishment at this scene, he noticed that they were only thirty-nine angels, while the martyrs were forty. And as he thought about this inconsistency, suddenly one of the forty, a young man overwhelmed by the pain, dashed down to the window and begged the guard standing there to let him in. He bowed before the altar of false gods and put himself in the warm water. His heart, however, did not endure this change and burst. Thus, in the desire to save his earthly life, he sacrificed eternally and lost the earthly one as well. The pagan guard saw this, and suddenly enlightened by the spirit of God, he believed. He quickly squeezed off his clothes, put down his armor, and with the confession of faith on his lips he stepped to the ice between the martyrs. At that very moment, the fortieth angel flew from heaven with the fortieth crown of glory. The frozen, crimped bodies of forty martyrs, still showing signs of life, were thrown into a great fire, burned and the ashes were cast into the river. Christians, however, collected the precious remains, and the relics were distributed throughout many cities; in this way, veneration of the Forty Martyrs became widespread, and numerous churches were erected in their honour.‬

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4.5
‪72 reviews‬
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Edin Krnic
‪Tuzi‬, מונטנגרו‪3,066 contributions‬
‪Very nice ‬
לבד • דצמ׳ 2020
‪I spent 7 days in Mardin in the hotel opposite of Kirklar church but I couldn’t see nothing inside because the corona pandemic. ‬
‪Written 2 בדצמבר 2020‬
‪This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.‬

Erhan Yildirim
טורקיה‪1,693 contributions‬
‪syriac pearl‬
מאי 2020
‪Forty Martyrs(Mor Behnam) Church- Syriac Ancients (Kadim) Orthodox Church
Mor Behnam (Kırklar Kilisesi) church is one of the most significant historical sites in the old part of Mardin. It is located the Şar Neighbourhood of the city centre where nowadays many Christians are still living. This church was constructed in 569 B.C and consecrated in honor of Syriac Saint Behnam and his sister Saro. while Mardin Castle is being repaired one of the seven churches built it is considered. The part of the church belonging to the Shams(sun goddess), before the 6th century indicates that it is dated. The bones of forty martyrs (Turkey/Sivas 4 century) in this church in 1170 B.C It was named because it was brought. Church, three entrance doors, fine stone
crafted with crafting, altars, four-hundred-year-old wooden doors, 1500 years of root painting
curtains, bell tower in its wide courtyard and stone carving that is almost like lace
there is a sofa with examples. Built in the name of Mor Behnam and his sister Saro and now known as the Forty Church, the church got both names from early Christian legends. The church, which also contains a Bible dating from 1230, is also the metropolitan church of Mardin.
the Legend Saints Behnam, Sarah
At the time [A.D. 352], persecution had forced some ascetics to move to the region of
Nineveh. One of them, Mar mattai , settled on the mountain and quickly became famous
for the power of healing with which he was gifted. Also Sanherib, King of Athor, whose
daughter Sarah had been suffering from leprosy for years, learned of Mar Mattai and
kept track of what the Christians were reporting about this wonder-working ascetic.
One day, Sanherib’s son Behnam had a dream, which led him to search for Mār Mattai.
While being on a hunting trip, Behnam found Mar Mattai, learned from him about
Christ, and brought Mar Mattai to Athor, where the ascetic secretly healed the girl
Sarah. In response to the healing miracle, also the sister learned of the Christian faith
and was baptized. Since both of them refused to continue to worship the pagan deities,
their father had the children executed.
Shortly after having violently put his children to death, Sanherib fell sick. A dream
motivated his wife to visit the burial site of their son Behnam, and in a subsequent
dream Behnam sent his mother to Mar Mattai, for healing and conversion. Eventually,
Sanherib himself converted and built a church and monastery for Mar Mattai on Mount
’Alpap. Behnam’s mother also ordered the construction of a monastery at Kökyata as
well as of a cistern at the site where her children were buried. A few years later, a
Christian traveller from Persia, who was on a pilgrimage journey to Jerusalem, stopped
at the place, prayed there, and learned about the events surrounding the children’s
martyrdom. This traveller, named Isaac, also had a dream in which Behnam appeared
to him and requested that a house of prayer be erected at the site. Again with the
support of Behnam’s mother, a monastery was built there. According to the legend, it
was the monastery of Beth Gubbe, where according to tradition the relics of Mār
Behnam and his sister Sarah are kept
Forty Martyrs Legend

The main plot of the story took place in 320, during the cold winter, when the Emperor ordered to sacrifice to the idols. Forty Christian soldiers, Legio XII Fulminata(melitene ), then spoke among the others and refused to fulfill the emperors' command. The commander tried to persuade them, promising them wealth or glory, but they remained firm in their faith in Christ. For their stubborn faith they were imprisoned, interrogated, cruelly tortured, and then Emperor had their garments removed and left them to stand in a frosty winter on a frozen lake near the city. And to make this torture even harder, there was a hot steam bath on the shore of the lake, which was supposed to tempt them to deny their faith.

But the soldiers encouraged each other, and with a desire for Heaven they suffered with an unbreakable mind and heart, exalting God and praying: "Lord, forty soldiers are here in the battle for faith, ready to die for You, give grace to all the forty, the number which You consecrated with your holy fast, so that we conquer the crowns of glory." And the Lord truly heard their prayer and manifested his miraculous power.

The guard, standing at the window of the spa house, suddenly saw an unusual blue light irradiating all the space where the martyrs stood, and it seemed to him as if the angels had flown from the heavens and were holding the crowns above the heads of the martyrs. Standing in astonishment at this scene, he noticed that they were only thirty-nine angels, while the martyrs were forty. And as he thought about this inconsistency, suddenly one of the forty, a young man overwhelmed by the pain, dashed down to the window and begged the guard standing there to let him in. He bowed before the altar of false gods and put himself in the warm water. His heart, however, did not endure this change and burst. Thus, in the desire to save his earthly life, he sacrificed eternally and lost the earthly one as well.

The pagan guard saw this, and suddenly enlightened by the spirit of God, he believed. He quickly squeezed off his clothes, put down his armor, and with the confession of faith on his lips he stepped to the ice between the martyrs. At that very moment, the fortieth angel flew from heaven with the fortieth crown of glory.

The frozen, crimped bodies of forty martyrs, still showing signs of life, were thrown into a great fire, burned and the ashes were cast into the river. Christians, however, collected the precious remains, and the relics were distributed throughout many cities; in this way, veneration of the Forty Martyrs became widespread, and numerous churches were erected in their honour.‬
‪Written 8 במאי 2020‬
‪This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.‬

Gerard B
‪18 contributions‬
‪Oasis of calm beauty‬
חברים • ינו׳ 2020
‪This 4th century church, beautifully restored and kept by the Syriac Orthodox community, is a wonderful example of its type. It is indeed an oasis of calm and beauty still serving its community. Highly recommended!‬
‪Written 22 בפברואר 2020‬
‪This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.‬

Nozzille
נורפולק, UK‪73 contributions‬
‪Another charming church in the city‬
חברים • דצמ׳ 2018
‪We got here late as it was closing but the guide let us in and was most informative. He speaks and reads aramaic, which is helpful, as many of the stone headers are in aramaic. This church has a delightful courtyard and seems a very peaceful place. ‬
‪Written 23 בדצמבר 2018‬
‪This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.‬

Burak C
איסטנבול, טורקיה‪85 contributions‬
‪I tried to enter but it was closed‬
לבד • אפר׳ 2017
‪For 3 days I couldn't catch this church open and when it was open it was closed to visitors as there was ceremony inside.So I just saw the hurch from outside and how solid are the Assyrians to protect their religious building.‬
‪Written 20 באפריל 2017‬
‪This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.‬

Richard K
ממפיס, טנסי‪885 contributions‬
‪Interesting place‬
חברים • אפר׳ 2016
‪Our friend led us up from the street to the church. It is open during the day to view the courtyard, but you need someone to open the church. We were able to go inside. They have a lot of historical works of art.‬
‪Written 30 באפריל 2016‬
‪This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.‬

Pam M
סופיה, בולגריה‪331 contributions‬
‪A nice church hidden in the back streets‬
חברים • יולי 2015
‪It is not far off the main road of historic Mardin. I recommend it. The local guide was very kind and helpful.‬
‪Written 14 באוקטובר 2015‬
‪This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.‬

surprise s
שיקאגו, אילינוי‪84 contributions‬
‪40 martyrs‬
חברים • אוק׳ 2014
‪This church is one of the many churches of mardin but its easy to visit because of its location its on the old mardin so very nice to take a short visit its worth to see one of the small pearls of mardin.‬
‪Written 2 בספטמבר 2015‬
‪This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.‬

Julian W
איסטנבול, טורקיה‪26 contributions‬
‪Short visit‬
זוגות • יוני 2015
‪This is a nice, peaceful haven in Mardin, with a large courtyard/garden with trees, and the church itself is interesting and worth a visit. The priest was friendly.‬
‪Written 20 ביוני 2015‬
‪This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.‬

AliG
סן פרנסיסקו, קליפורניה‪1,354 contributions‬
‪Interesting but no photos inside‬
‪I finally found this church from the 4th century. The outside was ok. It was free and so was the inside. But you are allowed to take photos inside which sucks big time. But it's still interesting and worth checking out. ‬
‪Written 17 במאי 2015‬
‪This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC.‬

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